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An English variant of the Hebrew name Jacob, and the author of the book that bears his name. It is often assumed that this James is the brother of our Lord. (Galatians 1:19).


An ancient city east of Jerusalem, in the Jordan River valley not far from the Dead Sea.



The capital of Israel and a sacred city for Jews, Muslims,

and Christians.


A member of the original Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. It seems apparent that he served along with Peter and James in the governing presidency of the early Church. Modern revelation clarifies that John did not die and will remain on the earth until the Second Coming.

John the Baptist:

The man who baptized Jesus and in general prepared the way for the ministry of Jesus Christ. He was in the priestly line of descent through both his father, Zacharias, and his mother, Elisabeth.

Jordan River:

The main river of the Holy Land that flows into the north end of the Sea of Galilee and from there south into the Dead Sea.


The husband of Mary and stepfather of Jesus Christ. He was a descendant of King David.

Joseph Smith:

The prophet chosen to restore the church of Jesus Christ to the earth in the latter days. Born in 1805 in Vermont, he was martyred in 1844 in Illinois.

Joseph Smith Translation:

An inspired revision of the King James Bible begun by the Prophet Joseph Smith in June 1830.

Josephus (Flavius Josephus:

A Jewish historian who wrote, among other things, a history of the first Jewish revolt (AD 66–70) and a history of the Jewish people.

Judean Wilderness:

A sparsely inhabited region south and east of Jerusalem and west and north of the Dead Sea. Presumably this is the area where Jesus was tempted by Satan.

Justin Martyr:

(AD 100–165) A defender of the Christian faith who was martyred in Rome. He is also remembered for his Apologia and his Dialogue with Trypho the Jew.